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Joanne P. Scannell

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Everything posted by Joanne P. Scannell

  1. We change all batteries annually while we are doing the QA on them so it's not likely that a battery will fail during the year. However, things do happen and I agree with exlimely, if you do have to change or replace (say it fell out for some reason) a battery, then a 'calibration' would be prudent. Also, we are not talking high precision here, i.e. wider acceptability range than a pipette would be, i.e. testing is done in ranges of time, not exact seconds. This 'calibration' is just a simple check up to make sure the timer isn't totally out of range. Most of the time, the error is the
  2. There are actually 2 scenarios in this string: 1. Issuing plasma that you know is incompatible with a patient (i.e. ABO is verified) and 2. Issuing plasma when you haven't verified the patient's ABO with a current sample. For #1: If you are in the US, the CDC/FDA wants us to treat all incompatible plasma as if it were 'Emergency Release' so use your Emergency Release Protocol. For #2: If your patient's ABO Group has not been verified (e.g. sample tested using your protocol for verification), use your Emergency Release Protocol.
  3. We have found that washing the cells 3x with 37C saline will resolve this situation in just about every case where RT Saline wash doesn't help. If you are using Gel, there may be other reasons for the extraneous 'positive results' using your patient cells, e.g. sickled cells, acanthrocytes, protein coating. So, those must also be considered.
  4. We validated using Anti-C3 in a Neutral Gel card.
  5. Yes on every question except the 2u limit. If we have verified the ABO Group and we need to use 'incompatible' plasma (i.e. emergency), we use our Emergency Release Protocol, e.g. MD signs for it. If you want to view our policy, please message me.
  6. I hear there is some chatter/literature about immunizing Rh-Neg Females under 50 is, today, probably 'much ado about nothing'. Well, not nothing, but the argument is, with today's techniques (in utero transfusions, more sensitive monitoring, etc.), the risk of HDN is less likely than it was 'all those years ago'. Does anyone have any articles or insight about this 'new turn' to share?
  7. We switched to Rhophylac here in the hospital because 'everyone' likes having the option of giving the dose IM or IV. The MD's are still using RhoGam (no IV option) for their office injections (IM Only), e.g. Antenatal/Antepartum dose.
  8. Without some sort of 'vending machine' device to control and document the in/out/in/out/transfused to whom information, just leaving O Neg RBCs in a refrigerator somewhere for nursing to take/return at will is not a good idea. I'm not even sure if regulatory agencies will support that. Not only that, giving O Neg to 'everyone' is not good management of resources. We (and most hospitals in our area at) restrict the use of O Neg to Females <50yrs old. (And even that is coming up for debate in some arenas.) There are 'vending machines' out there that will interface with some Blood
  9. As you see from the posts here, there are various opinions of what to do. Correct =The regulatory agencies do state to run some sort of controls, etc. You are in charge, therefore you do what you believe is best within the guidelines when there are gray areas like this. If you believe you should change the protocol to 'QC for the Antigen', then do that. Validation? You have criteria, I'm sure, for the cells passing inspection for use. I venture to say that most hospitals don't keep reagent RBCs more than a month or two past their outdate. It would be interesting to hear ab
  10. 'Liquid Plasma' is never frozen so there's no need to thaw it therefore the outdate is not changed. 'Thawed Plasma' is the 5 Day product which results from Thawing Frozen Plasma (in all it's various forms, FFP, FP24, etc.). Note: When Frozen Plasma is thawed, it is assigned a 24hr outdate. You can extend that outdate to 5 Days IF you label it 'Thawed Plasma'. e.g. Frozen FFP is thawed to Fresh Frozen Plasma (24h outdate). You can leave it that way or change it to 'Thawed Plasma' (no FFP designation) and assign a 5 Day outdate to it. Most hospitals, if they go that route, just
  11. I think that is the point = remove the requirement for the hospitals to perform the Retyping. Motivation? I agree that it is a waste of time and resources. The labeling facility has already tested the unit and rechecked it how many times? How many discrepancies have you found in your career? In over 40 years of mine, I have never seen a discrepancy. That's not of the units I have personally rechecked, it's of the 100s of thousands of units I have overseen. And, please correct me if I'm wrong, I don't think they do this recheck in the hospitals in the UK, maybe all of Europe? H
  12. Good point ... but most MDs give the RhIg when Weak/Partial D is reported because they don't understand the situation even if we try to explain it to them.
  13. We use gel, and as other are doing, if Rh Neg with Gel, we test for Weak D. I must add this caution: Be mindful of what your Anti-D is capable of detecting. Some purposely do not detect DVI. You want to detect DVI on these newborns to determine the possibly of immunizing an Rh-Neg mother, i.e. Is she a candidate for Rh-Immune Globulin. n.b. Currently, we are using an Anti-D reagent that detects DVI (as well as other Weak D) at Immediate Spin, so the 'Weak D typing' is very quick and simple.
  14. We keep them for a month or two. Once I do my 'turn around, vendor assessment audit', I toss them. Why? 1. These aren't handwritten papers anymore, we have other records bearing the exact same data generated by the exact same actions: All units scanned as shipped appear on the 'packing slip' and on our account, i.e. A unit is not going to be listed on a packing slip that does not appear on our account and vice versa. 2. The techs correlate the packing slip with the actual units at the time of receipt so we know the numbers are right. Discrepancies are remedied at that time.
  15. We give units tested for HgbS Neg only if they are for RBC Exchange Transfusions.
  16. We, too, encounter Anti-M often using Gel. Apparently, Gel is just acidic enough to enhance this pest. Because the enhancement is more about pH than temperature, whenever we suspect Anti-M, we revert to other methods to help determine it's 'etiology'. Prewarming Gel does not change the pH issue so we don't do that. We can't trust that negative results in prewarmed Gel are truly due to a cold Anti-M or that the positive results aren't due solely to the acidity. (Besides, if testing is done using a Blood Analyzer (e.g. Vision, Eflexis), the cards are pre-warmed anyway.) So, we tes
  17. Ok, I'll ask the other question that needs to be asked: Are you SURE that the cells put into the vial for Unit #1 are from Unit#1? Serologically, those discrepant results don't make sense (which is why you are inquiring) so I'm looking at the mechanical issues. Is it possible that during the heat of the moment (STAT, Uncrossmatched), the tech who retrieved the segments from the 2 units actually pulled both segments from Unit #2? When the crossmatches were repeated manually, was a new segment taken from the unit and that's why you saw the expected incompatibility?
  18. Ditto (except for the AABB inspection). When we thaw, aliquot, and/or irradiate, the default message is 'Further processed by ...' followed by our Facility Name (exactly as our license states), address and FDA License #. Never been a problem this way.
  19. Yes, I got one of those emails 'from you' and almost answered it until I saw the grammar and thought, 'No, he wouldn't write that badly!'. So, I decided to check with you in here to see if you did send it. Guess you didn't! Hoping you are well! I haven't done much in here because it's been ridiculously busy! And we are 'this far' away from being able to order/transfuse COVID Convalescent Plasma. A new product ... lots of fun.
  20. If you know this patient is A Pos and you know the discrepant backtype is due to a cold agglutinin, why are you trying to re-establish what you already know?
  21. We issue Group A Plasma (or whatever is shortest outdate as long as it is not Group O) until we have a BB Specimen and the ABO/Rh is verified. Then we switch to ABO compatible/specific. The expiration date of the specimen does not apply to non RBC containing blood products, so as long as the patient is wearing the corresponding BB Band, we will issue Plasma, Platelets and/or Cryo. I agree, the non-ABO match allogenic stem cell transplant recipients are a challenge, but as someone pointed out in an earlier post, these patients become obvious and we can deal with their 'new' blood ty
  22. We purchased bins from VWR International. They are manufactured by AKRO MILS if you want to check their website: https://akro-mils.com/ They are inexpensive and come in various colors: Red, Blue, Clear, White and many sizes. We got Item# 75854-808 ... a case of 12 clear, 4" tall x 11.625" deep x 6.625" wide. 6 fill one of our drawers (3 in front, 3 behind them) very nicely. If you message me, I'll tell you the price (very reasonable). They sell dividers for them, too ... again, in the same colors. We also use them for our reagents. We stole the idea from Chemistry,
  23. Ditto! More Questions: Didn't I read a few years back the the UK reference labs only do elutions within 2 weeks of a transfusion? What is the rationale for 3 months? I could never see the reasoning for that (Yes, I know an RBC 'lives' for 120 days but the math for that makes no sense to me.)
  24. Ael? Or am I dating myself? I agree with Malcolm, for transfusion purposes, it doesn't matter what you call it. And ADsorption vs ABsorbtion ... I always looked at it this way: It depends on whether you are looking at the cell or the plasma. Antibodies are Absorbed from Plasma and Adsorbed onto RBCs.
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