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Arno

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Arno last won the day on April 5

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    Scientist with more than 20 years of experiences in blood banks, transfusion centers, hospitals and national health authority. I believe we share a common passion for Immunohematology and for the moment I do work for a private company in Switzerland (involved in marketing, education, biological support).

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  1. In this context (post transfusion with DAT pos, screening neg), would be worth running/trying an elution?
  2. Should be HbS negative as decreasing the proportion of HbS (compared to HbA) prevents complications/crisis of SCD related to vaso-occlusion. So not only for crisis but to prevent the crisis. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/bjh.14346
  3. I just answered this question. My Score PASS  
  4. Thank you for your feedback - much appreciated. This confirms my understanding and what I have read so far on this topic. Thanks again.
  5. Hi there! I hope you are all doing well. The Italian blood transfusion society has made the screening of Covid-19 patient for IgA deficiency systematic before the transfusion of convalescent plasma. http://isbtweb.org/fileadmin/user_upload/Italy.pdf Would like to know what is your position in this regards and is there any similar existing guidelines? Thank you in advance
  6. Yes indeed different pH, different suppliers may explain such a behavior (some anti-M are enhanced with acidification of plasma). In addition, Anti-M often shows dosage effect but I believe you have antigen M double dose cells on your panel too. What are the phenotype of the 2 cells reacting in screening and the one not reacting? Is your patient antigen M negative? It also exists the anti-M1 (the M1 antigen belongs to the MN CHO collection) that reacts with some M positive cells and stronger with M/N positive cells (M1 is expressed on M positive cells) and it can be, though rarely, produced by antigen M positive patients.
  7. First of all, if the cassette Ctl is positive, the blood type result is invalid (esp. the D antigen typing) . Looks like a (warm) AIHA and several rounds of adsorption (allo with enzyme treated cells or auto, depends on date of previous transfusion, how much RBCs are available and possibility to "clean them up" using ZZAP for instance) may bring some clarity here to check if there is an underlying antibody.
  8. In addition to what has been nicely explained by Malcolm, it could be as well an example of Sd(a++) cell (commonly named "super Sid") reacting with a weak anti-Sda. The Sda antigen is not a LFA (expressed on more than 90% of cells) though some cells "overexpresse" it. Anti-Sda usually gives weak/DP reactions and can be neutralized using urine (contains soluble Sda substances). Other weak antibodies may behave the same way, e.g. anti-P1 reacting against "strong P1" cells only. However, that does not change at all what Malcolm said "I wouldn't expend too much time or energy trying to sort out the exact specificity. In all cases of such an antibody, as long as you cross-match by the same method as you used in detecting the presence of the antibody in the first place, it would be quite safe to give cross-match compatible blood."
  9. Thank you very much for having brougth those new FDA guidelines to our attention!
  10. Hi, Not aware of such kind of interference with nucleotide analog. It would be more likely if it was with convalescent plasma.
  11. In which buffer do you resuspend your DTT treated cells? May be these patients do have antibodies against one or several components of this buffer (antibodies against preservatives used in RBC buffer are not so uncommon).
  12. Hi Rich, I am not a clinician but as far as I know IVIG can be given to obstetrical patient in diff. conditions (autoimmune disorders, recurrent pregnancy loss, ...). I thought about IVIG when I saw the DAT becoming positive plus additional reactions coming up over the time. Anti-A and Anti-B are indeed the most prevalent antibodies in plasma derived products but other specificities of low titre can be present sometimes such as anti-D, anti-K and a bunch of antibodies of undetermined specificity reacting with several to not say all RBCs. Just a thought that can be doublechecked with the clinician..? Hereunder is a very great (not recent though) paper to be read and re-read again: Problems Associated With Passively Transfused Blood Group Alloantibodies George Garratty, PhD, FRCPath American Journal of Clinical Pathology, Volume 109, Issue 6, 1 June 1998, Pages 769–777, https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcp/109.6.769
  13. Is she given plasma derived product (not talking here about anti-D prophylaxis)? Thinking more here about IVIG?
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